Advaita Vedanta means the non-dualistic school of Hindu philosophy, which mostly emerged from the Upanishads. It was elaborated in detail by well-known scholars like Gaudapada and Sri Adi Shankaracharya.
The principle stands for nonduality. In simple words, Advaita means the absence of the duality between object and subject. In your wakeful consciousness, you experience duality, but you experience the only nonduality in your deep sleep. Moreover, the Advaita School considers Brahman to be the only reality, and everything else is just an appearance, projection, formation, or even an illusion.
The main principle of Advaita Vedanta is oneness. This viewpoint is infinite, eternal, and divine. All the living creatures and things merge in the supreme consciousness of Brahmin. Here, Brahmin means you, the Atman.
Brahmin is the Supreme, ultimate Reality; Brahmin is eternal, beyond words, and even beyond names and forms. Nobody can perceive or describe Brahmin in words. It is beyond senses and intellect. Hence, Brahmin is indefinable.
In other words, you can consider Brahman as Pure Consciousness. If you follow this principle of Brahmin, you are the Brahmin, the ultimate power. You have infinite power within you. All the energy that is there in the world is in you.
Brahmin is also considered as Atman, which is the inmost Self or Spirit of man but dissimilar from the ‘empirical ego’. Atman is the important, ultimate, eternal, absolute pure consciousness. Thus, Brahman is the ultimate reality behind the entire world, including objects and human beings.
In a true sense, both Brahman and Atman are not two different realities. These both are identical. Brahmin and Atman are the eternal, all-pervading realities that underlie all the existence. These are two dissimilar ‘labels’ for the same reality behind all matter, all the objects, and all beings of the universe.
The concept of Advaita Vedanta underlines that all that is there in the world is inside you. You can experience the self-enlightenment and experience the inner self with different methods like meditation. There are several myths and superstitions out there, and you always stay involved in them.
If you feel your happiness relies on the world, an object, or anyone else, then you are distant from your inner enlightenment. You have wholeness, all that you need, at this moment, and you can achieve it only if you realize it.
Once you do meditation, you start thinking about a single object, and all the other things like the environment and the surroundings get in the background. Hence, when you keep yourself away from the outer world and dig deeper into yourself, you get self-enlightened.
Moksha means freedom from the bondage of ignorance. You suffer in the grip of nonstop desires and ignorance. Upon realizing the self, you become free from the chains of desires, passions, aspirations, karma, and avidya. This is Moksha (kaivalya) or enlightenment, or liberation. You can attain Moksha here and now during this present life-span only.
Advaita Vedanta talks about the hindrance behind the accomplishment of self-enlightenment like ignorance and Maya (illusion). Ignorance is that you give importance to the outer world and avoid the inner world (Atman).
Once you begin to give more attention to people, conditions, and objects, you get stuck in the world’s ignorance and lose your inner self. You forget about your powers and abilities.
Maya is the thought process that makes you stick with the feeling of you, your family, your friends, your life, your objects, etc. These are the material thoughts that create an illusion in your mind when you try to attain your inner self.
Thus, if you wish to avoid yourself from cycles of Maya, one-pointed attention to your inner environment (Atma) is the main solution. Perhaps, many people try to attain self-enlightenment through meditation. They sit in a quiet place for hours and hours to try to reach the paths of self-enlightenment.
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Advaita Vedanta is rather the reality that your conscious experience is one continuous procedure with the rest of the known universe. Since a certain part or subsection of your current flow is mindful, it develops your subjective experience.
In simple words, Vedanta helps you experience that the way you generally perceive the world is not how it is or emerges naturally. The point is, you imagine the world to be separated into diverse segments like objects, people, situations, or even actions. But the material reality is never chopped into different pieces. It all is nothing but a mere human invention.
To sum up, Advaita Vedanta underlines the endless power of you [Brahmin], and it considers the duality of the world as untrue.
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